Basic Keyboard Shortcuts and Run Commands- Windows




Basic Shortcuts

Basic Keyboard Shortcuts that are useful in daily life

Usage of mouse even for basic interface options while doing some work in the system will be irritating and annoying. It disrupts the work that is being done and results in slow pace of the work. Some basic keyboard shortcuts help to do work more faster in a most productive manner in less time.


This article provides some basic keyboard shortcuts that are helpful in daily life

Microsoft Keyboard Shortcuts

Key Action
Windows Opens or closes the start menu
Windows + D Switches between the Desktop and the files opened
Windows + E Used to open computer / Microsoft Explorer
Windows + F Used to search a file or a folder
Windows + G Used to cycle through sidebar gadgets
Windows + L Used to Lock computer
Windows + M Used to minimize all running windows
Windows + Shift + M Used to restore all minimized windows
Windows + R Used to open the run dialog box
Windows + T Used to cycle through programs on the task bar
Windows + U Used to open Ease of Access Center/Utility Manager
Windows + X Used to open Windows Mobility Center
Windows + Tab Used to cycle through programs on task bar in 3D mode.
Windows + Break Used to display the system properties dialog box
Windows + U Used to open Windows Mobility Center
Ctrl + Windows + F Used to search for computers in active domain directory
Ctrl + Windows + Tab Used to cycle through programs on task bar in 3D mode by using arrow keys
Shift + F10 Simulate right click on selected item
F2 Renames the selected icon
Alt + Esc Switch between the applications on the task bar
Alt + Enter Open the properties window of selected icon or file

Run Command Shortcuts

Run these commands in Run Dialog Box (Windows + R)

Command Function
mstsc Prompts Remote Desktop connection window
services.msc Opens the services window
shutdown Shutdowns the system
mmsys.cpl Opens the sounds and audio window
sysdm.cpl Opens system properties
taskmgr Opens Task Manager
write Opens Wordpad
winword Opens MS-Word
excel Opens MS-Excel
outlook Opens MS-Outlook
powerpnt Opens MS-Powerpoint
explorer Opens Windows Explorer
%homedrive% Opens your home drive

How to create your own Shortcut Key ?

  1. Open the directory that contains the file or program you wish to create shortcut for.
  2. Right click the file or program and create a shortcut.
  3. Shortcut will be created in the same directory you are in. If you want you can rename the shortcut.
  4. Cut this shortcut and paste it anywhere you need.
  5. Right click the shortcut and click properties.
  6. Go to the shortcut tab.
  7. Click in the shortcut key box and type a letter to make a shortcut. For example if you click N the shortcut will be made as Ctrl+Alt+N automatically.
  8. Click on Apply and then OK.
  9. Now you can use Ctrl+Alt+N to use that file or program.

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